Quick Answer: What Was Australia Before 1901?

What happened before 1901 Australia?

Before 1900, there was no actual country called Australia, only the six colonies – New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, and Western Australia.

While these colonies were on the same continent, they were governed like six rival countries and there was little communication between them..

Did Chinese discover Australia?

You see in the 1420s Australia’s west and east coasts were visited and charted by the Chinese. In fact in a great surge of navigation and discovery the Chinese mapped much of the world in the 1420s.

“In November 1828 the Governor introduced martial law against Aboriginal people in the settled districts, effectively giving the military the power to shoot on sight any Aborigine found there.”

Is Australia free from Britain?

Formally speaking, Australia is a constitutional monarchy, which means the Queen is the head of state. According to the royal family’s website, when the Queen visits Australia, she speaks and acts as Queen of Australia, and not as Queen of the United Kingdom.

How did Australia get its name?

The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.

What was Australia called before 1901?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.

What was happening in Australia in the 1900s?

Glenelg is wrecked off the Victorian coast, resulting in 31 deaths. 9 May – The Sierra Nevada is wrecked off Portsea, Victoria; 23 lives are lost. 2 July – Snow falls to extremely low levels in New South Wales, being recorded as low as Forbes. 5 July – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (UK) is passed.

Why did Britain let go of Australia?

Britain could no longer afford an Empire and they had no right to rule people who did not want to be ruled by Britain. They also decided that the Royal Navy was no longer strong enough to protect an empire as large as Britain’s any more. … Before leaving the British Empire, Australia was split into various colonies.

Why did China not discover Australia?

Merchants were not inclined to send expensive ships off on further exploratory voyages when there were vast profits to be made in lands already discovered. This was an age when spices were literally worth their weight in gold. Trade actually lead to the mapping of the western, southern and northern coasts of Australia.

Who lived in Australia before the aboriginal?

The islands were settled by different seafaring Melanesian cultures such as the Torres Strait Islanders over 2500 years ago, and cultural interactions continued via this route with the Aboriginal people of northeast Australia.

Did the Chinese find America first?

Last week came purported evidence that the Chinese admiral Zheng He sailed his great fleet of junks round the world a century before Columbus, Da Gama and Magellan. …

What was Australia first called?

After Dutch navigators charted the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia during the 17th Century this newly found continent became known as ‘New Holland’. It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today.